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In summer, the city generally remains slightly cooler than other parts of Bulgaria, due to its higher altitude. [33][34] It became a municipium during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98–117). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. [156] The first census carried out in February 1878 by the Russian Army recorded a population of 11,694 inhabitants including 6,560 Bulgarians, 3,538 Jews, 839 Turks and 737 Romani. The natural growth rate during 2009 was 0.2 per mille, the first positive growth rate in nearly 20 years. Multinationals with major research, development, innovation and engineering centers in Sofia include the second largest global IT center of Coca Cola,[171] Hewlett-Packard,[172] VMware,[173] Robert Bosch GmbH,[174] Financial Times,[175] Experian, etc. In 2020, Sofia Municipality announced the creation of a Digitalisation, Innovation and ... Sofia’s population exceeds 1.3 million, 1.6 million with the surrounding region, over an area of 492m2, making it the 15th largest city in the European Union. The total area of Bulgaria is 110,994 km2 (42,855 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division The heat distribution piping network is 900 km (559 mi) long and comprises 14,000 substations and 10,000 heated buildings. Three mountain passes lead to the city, which have been key roads since antiquity, Vitosha being the watershed between Black and Aegean Seas. The Vitosha Nature Park (the oldest national park in the Balkans)[115] includes most of Vitosha mountain and covers an area of 266 square kilometres (103 sq mi),[116] with roughly half of it lying within the municipality of Sofia. [176] Several office and tech clusters have been established across the city, including Business Park Sofia, Sofia Tech Park, Capital Fort and others. Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). Population of Sofia. The city expanded and became a significant political and economical centre, more so as it became one of the first Roman cities where Christianity was recognised as an official religion (under Galerius). Other religions throughout the city include Protestant, Muslim and Roman Catholic. The city was called Atralisa by the Arab traveller Idrisi and Strelisa, Stralitsa or Stralitsion by the Crusaders. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Over one-quarter of residents did not identify their religion or were classified as non-religious. In addition Sofia has co-operation agreements with: Serdica Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Serdica. [161] The real GDP (PPP) per capita growth at the time was 2.5% and the employment went up by 3.4% to 962,400. Much of Bulgaria's educational capacity is concentrated in Sofia. The Balkan Mountains and the beginning of the Iskar Gorge are visible in the distance. Female life expectancy at birth is 77.4 years. [93][95], The city eventually fell to the Byzantine Empire in 1018, following the Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria. It has a humid continental climate. The city is the hot spot of internal migration, the capital population is increasing and is around 17% of the national,[158] thus a small number of people with local roots remain today, they dominate the surrounding rural suburbs and are called Shopi. Following the defeat of the crusader forces in 1444, the city's Christians faced persecution. The highest recorded temperature is 41 °C (106 °F) (5 July 2000 and 24 July 2007). Sofia is a regional IT hub, ranking second among the Top 10 fastest growing tech centers in Europe in terms of annual growth of active members. Three of those are operated by the BAS; one by Sofia Tech Park and one by the Faculty of Physics at Sofia University.[213]. [197] The municipality was known for minor and cosmetic repairs and many streets are in a poor condition. [31][32] The emperor Marcus Ulpius Traianus (53 – 117 AD) gave the city the combinative name of Ulpia Serdica;[33][34] Ulpia may be derived from an Umbrian cognate of the Latin word lupus, meaning "wolf"[35] or from the Latin vulpes (fox). [21] This triangle was recently expanded to a "square" and includes the Catholic Cathedral of St Joseph, Sofia. When the Romanian Army entered Vrazhdebna in 1913, then a village 11 kilometres (7 miles) from Sofia, now a suburb,[111] this prompted the Tsardom of Bulgaria to capitulate. Výborná komunikácia, kvalitný servis a mnoho spokojných zákazníkov. And does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions. Plovdiv remained the most populous Bulgarian town until 1892 when Sofia took the lead. Two functioning cable cars provide year long access from the outskirts of the city. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. In per capita terms, food fish consumption rose from 9.0 kg (live weight equivalent) in 1961 to 20.3 kg in 2017 . The neolithic village in Slatina dating to the 5th–6th millennium BC is documented. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 39,475, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. There are different boulevards and streets in the city with a higher amount of traffic than others. Bulgarian rule was restored in 1878. The Georgi Dimitrov Mausoleum, where Dimitrov's body had been preserved in a similar way to the Lenin mausoleum, was demolished in 1999. Bulgaria's largest art museums are located in the central areas of the city. 78. https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent.php?year=1942&month=1&stat=15614&an_per=no_an&sty=1940&endy=1942&t_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, "Weather Sofia – Monthly Weather History- freemeteo.bg", https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/temp_year.php?year=2019&month=1&len=12&an_per=8110&ord=num&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent2.php?year=2000&month=12&stat=2064&sty=2000&endy=2000&prm_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/prec_year.php?year=2014&month=1&len=12&ord=num&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent2.php?year=2010&month=12&stat=2064&sty=1981&endy=2010&tmi_in=on&tma_in=on&prm_in=on&ssh_in=on&mode=stat&submit=%D0%9F%D0%9E%D0%9A%D0%90%D0%96%D0%98, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/semi_cent.php?year=2010&month=12&stat=15614&an_per=no_an&sty=1981&endy=2010&t_in=on&mode=stat&submit=ПОКАЖИ#sel, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/sf_3747/1941-12.pdf, https://www.stringmeteo.com/synop/bg_stday.php?year=2020&month=5&day=15&city=15614&int=1&submit=%CF%CE%CA%C0%C6%C8, http://climatebase.ru/station/15614/?lang=en, ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/RA-VI/BU/15614.TXT, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2013-04-30&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2016-04-18&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2016-02-15&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://freemeteo.bg/weather/sofia/history/daily-history/?gid=727011&station=4892&date=2018-03-01&language=english&country=bulgaria, https://www.weather-atlas.com/en/bulgaria/sofia-climate, "Air pollution in Sofia, other Bulgarian cities hugely exceeded norms several times this winter", "Bulgaria's Air Is Dirtiest in Europe, Study Finds, Followed by Poland", "Bulgaria: Bad air quality in Sofia on January 6 2018", "Sofia Municipal Council Adopted Measures to Tackle Air Pollution", "Brussels: Sofia has no projects targeting air pollutionКопирано от standartnews.com", Емил Коцев 24.04.2016 9:331205 ИЗГУБЕНАТА СТОЛИЦА, Trakii︠a︡ – Том 12 – Страница 41- "Da diese mit ihrem blinden König Siras verbündete der Römer waren ergab dies den Vorwand für den Kriegszug von Crassus.

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