*stanticare (see stanch). As of 2011, Gujarati is the 6th most widely spoken language in India by number of native speakers, spoken by 55.5 million speakers which amounts to about 4.5% of the total Indian population. The reason is that the majority of its inhabitants are foreign merchants, who continually build their beautiful houses and wonderful mosques – an achievement in which they endeavor to surpass each other. The Sardar Sarovar Project is built on the Narmada River, one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 1,312 kilometres (815 mi). The Bhadrapad fair is held at Ambaji which is in the Danta Taluka of Banaskantha district, near the Gujarat-Rajasthan border. Girnar is the tallest peak and Saputara is the only hill-station in the state. He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Pilaji Gaekwad, first ruler of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and other parts of Gujarat. Different styles and steps of garba include dodhiyu, simple five, simple seven, popatiyu, trikoniya (hand movement which forms an imagery triangle), lehree, tran taali, butterfly, hudo, two claps and many more. About 1.5 million devotees are known to attend this fair each year from all over the world.  As per the districts, The Dangs has the largest area under forest cover.  Some stories propose a Brahmin named Tritresta was the first to bring Gujarati migrants with him to Java, so some scholars equate him with Aji Saka. The film industry has produced more than one thousand films since its inception. It is situated on the Mumbai – Delhi Western Railway Mainline. , The Age of Discovery heralded the dawn of pioneer Portuguese and Spanish long-distance travel in search of alternative trade routes to "the East Indies", moved by the trade of gold, silver and spices. The adoption of cooperatives in Gujarat is widely attributed to much of the success in the agricultural sector, particularly sugar and dairy cooperatives. Shanti Business School in Ahmedabad is a business school offering post graduate diploma in management through corporate citizenship initiative. પી.  This is expected to bring in investments of INR 120 billion and generate employment for 5,000 people. Apart from Navratri and Uttarayana, Diwali, Holi, Tazia and others are also celebrated.  However, the earliest epigraphical records of the Gurjars of Broach attest that the royal bloodline of the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty of Dadda I-II-III (650–750) ruled south Gujarat. In matters of sound, English alveolar consonants map as retroflexes rather than dentals. પ્રસારણ prasāraṇ means "spreading", but now it is used for "broadcasting". તેમણે દુષ્ટ જનોનો સંહાર કરવા અને સાધુજનોને સુખી કરવા, ધર્મનીતિની સ્થાપના કરવા દ્વાપરયુગમાં યદુવંશી દેવકી વસુદેવને કારાગૃહમાં પોતાનું ચતુર્ભુજ સ્વરૂપ બતાવી બાળક રૂપ ધર્યું. The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. This was the first and last successful agitation after the Independence of India that ousted an elected government. જે. The British East India Company wrested control of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1802–1803. The construction started on 14 March 2015. Gujarati theatre owes a lot to Bhavai. , Shrimad Rajchandra Vachnamrut and Shri Atma Siddhi Shastra, written in 19th century by philosopher Shrimad Rajchandra (Mahatma Gandhi's guru) are very well known.. James, Tr. , The state registered 12.8% agricultural growth in the last five years against the national average of 2%.. So, while having unique tadbhav sets, modern IA languages have a common, higher tatsam pool. Gujarat sold surplus power to 12 states: Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal. , The Kshatrapa dynasty was replaced by the Gupta Empire with the conquest of Gujarat by Chandragupta Vikramaditya. Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) is the primary body responsible for providing the bus services within the state of Gujarat and also with the neighbouring states. The incident of the cup-bearer torn apart by a lion might indicate that the port city described is in Gujarat. The oldest written record of Gujarat's 2,000-year maritime history is documented in a Greek book titled The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: Travel and Trade in the Indian Ocean by a Merchant of the First Century. Please consider a regard for the inhabitants of that town as incumbent on you. BJP again won election in 1998 with clear majority. In 1292 the Vaghelas became tributaries of the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri in the Deccan. Rights Reserved. According to Barnes (2017), fragments of printed kinds of cotton made in Gujarat, India were discovered in Egypt, which provides evidence for medieval trade in the western Indian Ocean. Also, on the Gulf of Khambhat, 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Bhavnagar, is the Alang Ship Recycling Yard (the world's largest). The smaller foothold the Portuguese had in wider India had linguistic effects. [verification needed] The three main sources of growth in Gujarat's agriculture are from cotton production, the rapid growth of high-value foods such as livestock, fruits and vegetables, and from wheat production, which saw an annual average growth rate of 28% between 2000 and 2008 (According to the International Food Policy Research Institute).  Later, the Gujarat Sultanate allied with the Ottomans and Egyptian Mamluks naval fleets led by governor-generals Malik Ayyaz and Amir Husain Al-Kurdi, vanquished the Portuguese in the 1508 Battle of Chaul resulting in the first Portuguese defeat at sea in the Indian Ocean.
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